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The heroine of the week: Františka Plamínková

The Czech Centres, in cooperation with Ladislav Sutnar Faculty of Design and Art of the University of Western Bohemia in Pilsen and Radio Prague International, present important women of the Czech history and the present. Every week we bring you one portrait of a heroine. This week we commemorate the sad anniversary of Františka Plamínková’s execution under the Nazi occupation (June 30, 1942).

As a politician, Františka Plamínková was responsible for women's suffrage and the abolition of female teachers' celibacy. She advocated several other laws contributing to the better status of women and mothers. She was also involved in the international women's movement, she was the first Czech woman to speak to the United Nations, she met in person with Franklin Delano Roosevelt president of the USA. In 1925 she became the first elected female senator and held office until the abolition of the senate in 1939. World War II caught Plamínková at the peak of her political career. In 1938, she proved her bravery and wrote a letter to Adolf Hitler blaming him for insulting the Czechoslovak president Edvard Beneš. When the German troops occupied the Czech countries, she protested again. Two weeks after the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, high-ranking German SS and police official, she was arrested, imprisoned, and, together with other important Czech personalities, executed without trial. She was 67 years old.

© Alina Pylaeva



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